Sundials - World's Oldest Clocks

North American Sundial Society

Selected Sundials of California

Click on any photo or city name to get more sundial details and more photos.

Solvang California USA Vertical Dial 750
A cast or wrought iron vertical dial about 3 foot square painted black, prominently mounted at the roof line of the Royal Copenhagen Inn. The dial face has hour lines, half-hour marks and Roman hour numerals. The dial in not quite gnomonically correct as the building declines a few degrees west of south and the gnomon appears to be at 45? rather than 34.5?. The dial is visible from Mission Road. An interesting wind vane is seen on the roof peak above the dial.
Somerville Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial 441
This 5 foot x 7 foot vertical dial is painted onto the true south facing concrete wall of a commercial building. The gnomon and hour lines appear to be weathered copper or bronze. The hour lines are corrected for longitude, but may be in error by about 5 minutes. The dial is in relatively good condition, but the painted numerals are fading. The building itself has been in several hands over the last 10-15 years.
South Bend Indiana USA Combination Dial 710
A combination horizontal dial with nodus on its gnomon and a meridian projection dial located below. Horizontal dial face is 44 inches diameter and made of polished Chinese gabbro basaltic rock, reflecting clouds overhead and gnomon shadow, which shows location of solar noon on gnomonic projection map of the world on dial face. Gnomon is supported by curved triangular bronze arches. Gnomon nodus shadow shows location on map where sun is directly overhead while solstice and equinox lines indicate date. Hour markers show EDST by Roman numerals with ten minute increments by Arabic numerals and marks for one minute. Dial is supported on an octagonal limestone pedestal with French Gothic cathedral window design allowing viewing of meridian dial date line. Meridian dial is placed below the octagonal limestone pedestal whose French Gothic cathedral window design allows the noon date line to be seen. The date line is illuminated only at noon by sunlight passing through a slit orifice that extends 2/3 the way up the pedestal wall, indicating dates between summer and winter solstice by the end of the end of the bar of light. The entire combination dial sits on a plaza inlaid with three types of granite to form a 32 foot diameter compass rose, with sunrise and sunset times shown for sixteen dates special to Notre Dame University.
South Burlington Vermont USA Horizontal Dial 264
An 8 foot wrought iron steel horizontal dial. Design is of two circles enclosing one another and quartered. Outer circle is 11 foot wide with beaded edges and Roman hour numerals. Inner circle is 3'4" diameter quartered disk. Surveyed in 1992, finding condition very poor; steel dial is rusted. No motto or plaque is provided.
South Burlington Vermont USA Calendrical Dial 695
A calendrical dial sculpture of light beams projected onto the crushed stone surface of a 60 foot diameter meditative labyrinth. Two cylindrical focusing mirrors are located atop 10 foot poles and project short bars of sunlight that wander around the labyrinth but intersect on the equinoxes and winter solstice to form a cross at the center of the labyrinth at solar noon.
South Hadley Massachusetts USA Horizontal Dial 338
A small horizontal dial about 16 inches square, with a plain gnomon that rises about 6 inches. Nearby is a building with a hard to find wall dial, covered by ivy. Mayall's 1938 edition of "Sundials" shows the sundial without the ivy. The dial sits on an ornate stone pillar resting on a two-step octagonal base.
South Hadley Massachusetts USA Horizontal Dial 177
ca 18 inch diameter horizontal dial. Roman numerals, 5 AM to 7 PM. Zodiac signs in circle within numerals. Capricorn and Sagittarius misplaced. Gnomon replaced, 1991. Dial sits atop a two-step octagonal base, ornate carved pillar.
South Lee Massachusetts USA Vertical Dial 838
On the transom of a brown wood shingled and stone building that looks like it once was a church is a vertical south declining wooden sundial about 2 x 2 feet square. The sundial is painted red with a nicely cut wood gnomon. Hour lines and Roman numerals from VI to VI are chiseled into the wood, along with an inscription. The dial is framed in wood as well but the contrasting grey paint is flaking off.
South Woodstock Vermont USA Vertical Dial 569
A painted 47x72 inch vertical dial of red oak declining east. Markings include analemmas for each hour, solstice declination lines and day lines for the first of each month with Zodiac icons on perimeter. Contact dial designer David Scott to arrange viewing.
Sparkill New York USA Vertical Dial 145
11' H x 7' W x 2' D. Mosaic tile and bronze Entitled 'Thorpe Village Sundial'
Springfield Vermont USA Vertical Dial 542
A 52x55 inch painted wood vertical dial designed and built by Russell Porter. The wood gnomon is stabilized by copper sheet. Available for viewing at the summer Stellafane Telescope Makers conference or by arrangement by email with owner.
St. Augustine Florida USA Vertical Dial 611
Approximately 2 x 3 foot vertical painted dial on wall of cathedral. Dial face includes hour lines with Roman numerals and 15 minute marks, and location coordinates. Wall orientation and gnomon alignment not verified.
St. Augustine Florida USA Vertical Dial 440
The Cathedral-Basilica of St. Augustine was founded on Sept 8, 1565. A rectangular building 42 feet wide and 120 feet long formed the original structure, with walls of coquina, a rocklike amalgam of sea shells. A fire destroyed much of the Cathedral in 1887, but the walls survived. The reconstruction includes a new bell tower at the South end of the Cathedral. A vertical sundial is painted on the South wall of the tower about 15 feet above ground above a doorway. The dial is about 3 by 4 feet with simple lines marking the hours and quarter hours from 8 am to 5 pm. The gnomon is a simple rod and appears bent. A picture of the dial taken at 12:30 EDT on March 12 shows a shadow time of about 2;15.
St. Francesville Louisiana USA Horizontal Dial 394
A small 9 inch diameter brass horizontal dial sits on top of a cast iron pedestal. The dial face is worn, but readable with Roman numerals and 5-minute graduations. The dial plate is rotated about 40 degrees east of North. To the south of the gnomon is a 2 1/2 inch diameter mirror with unknown use. On left and right of the gnomon is scroll engraving of the equation of time. The dial sits on a 3 foot cast iron pedestal, painted adobe-red. A matching adobe-red dome cap with 8 sides covers the dial. Cap has an acorn handle lift.
St. John's Newfoundland Canada Horizontal Dial 775
A 10 inch diameter heavily cast bronze horizontal dial with bronze gnomon that was apparently replaced or remounted in the past. The dial face includes hour and half-hour lines and Roman hour numerals from 5 AM to 7 PM. The center of the dial face shows a simplified map of the world. The dial sits atop a stone pedestal with a two-part octagonal base. The base is inscribed with a dedication to the memory of Sir Edgar Rennie Bowring, K.C.M.G. (1858-1943), industrialist, born at St. John's, Newfoundland on August 17, 1858, son of John Bowring and Mary Rennie.
St. Johns Newfoundland Canada Armillary Dial 132
A 38.5 inch diameter bronze armillary with equatorial, meridian and horizon rings and with Roman hour numerals. Dial sits atop a six foot high concrete pedestal. The dial was restored in 1999 by Memorial University's Technical Services Department to celebrate the Festival of Anniversaries. Lord Taylor, Memorial University's president in the early 1970's, found this 18th century reproduction dial in England and brought it to the university. It has become Memorial University's symbol of exploration and discovery in the world of research.
St. Louis Missouri USA Equatorial Dial 776
A 10 inch wide, cylindrical-segment equatorial dial 8 inches high, fabricated from a section of large PVC pipe. The dial face is aluminum sheet bonded to the PVC pipe and marked by photochemical engraving with hour lines showing analemmas to correct for EOT; hour lines are corrected for longitude and show both standard and daylight saving Arabic hour numerals. Winter and summer solstices and equinoxes are marked. Time and date are read by the shadow of the intersection of the two gnomon rods. Instructions are included on the dial face and plaque.
St. Louis Missouri USA Equatorial Dial 777
A cast aluminum equatorial dial 15 inches in diameter with a rotating, two-part, three-dimensional analemmic gnomon; this is a classic Schmoyer dial completed by Bill Gottesman. One gnomon half is used from summer solstice to winter solstice; time is shown by a beam of light passing through the gnomon slit to fall on the hour ring. The other gnomon half is used from winter solstice to summer solstice.
St. Louis Missouri USA Horizontal Dial 525
This horizontal sundial is a 30 inch diameter and 1.5 inch thick sealed, copper-coated steel plate with cast lead hour markers and weighs 250 pounds. Built in 2002, it was installed in September, 2004 in a private home rear yard. Dial is supported by 6x6 inch pressure treated wood post with 4x4 inch cross frame. Viewing can be arranged by contacting the owner.
St. Louis Missouri USA Vertical Dial 553
A vertical dial of limestone and copper held in the hands of an angle statue.