Sundials - World's Oldest Clocks

North American Sundial Society

Selected Sundials of Maryland

Click on any photo or city name to get more sundial details and more photos.

 
 
Wheaton Maryland USA Horizontal Dial 503
A 20 foot diameter horizontal dial in the middle of a brick patio. The gnomon, about 12 inches wide and 8 feet tall, is made of thin wood painted a verdant green and edged with molding. The dial face is a bed of flowers with hour lines of small plants, all immaculately kept by gardener and dial builder Roger Haynes. Around the circumference of the dial are Arabic number placards for each hour from 6am to 6pm. The flowers are changed seasonally for a gardener?s delight, and during the winter when the plants are dormant, the gnomon is removed and the area is used for a winter light show. John Carmichael explained the origin of the dial (July 2003): Roger Haynes is the head groundskeeper at Brookside and he came across my website somehow about two years ago and asked me to help him design a sundial for the gardens. We discussed all sorts of ideas, but settled on this untraditional yet traditional living plant design. The park was very short of funds, so Roger had to do a lot of lobbying to get it pushed through the powers that be. But I think he did a great job considering we did all our communicating via email and drawings. I can't wait to see how it will change as it grows and as they change the plants every season. Roger Hayes reports that this dial will be removed in November, 2009.
 
 
White Lake Michigan USA Analemmatic Dial 758
A 20 x 10 foot concrete analemmatic dial with Arabic numeral hour markers for 3 AM to 9 PM. A single central date line is painted on the dial face. Segmented raised seating surrounds the dial; slump stone block pillars mark the cardinal directions. A raised plaque provides dial information and directions for use.
 
 
White Rock British Columbia Canada Horizontal Dial 759
A 9 x 12 inch stainless steel horizontal dial with 4 AM to 8 PM hour lines and Roman hour numerals for 6 AM and 6 PM. Dial is set on a 24 inch square capital atop a 30 inch high pedestal of concrete and local stones. This pedestal sits on a 50 inch square concrete base that was saved when the railway was moved in 1984
 
 
Wichita Kansas USA Horizontal Dial 281
Bronze Different size cogs put together like the inside of a clock with a sun dial flat on top.
 
 
Williamsburg Virginia USA Horizontal Dial 363
Bronze horizontal dial 36 inches in diameter. The sundial was constructed in memory of their beloved scoutmaster Sydney "Mike" Mitchell. The $3000 cost was donated from former scouts and friends. The Boy Scout Law is cast around the outer diameter of the sundial. Various Scouting awards that the Scoutmaster received are also cast into the sundial.
 
 
Williamsburg Virginia USA Armillary Dial 877
This armillary is constructed of welded carbon steel narrow bands approximately 4-feet in diameter sitting on an iron post about 3-feet high. The equatorial band has no engraved or embossed time marks, but the simple rod gnomon has two side rods. According the the WPL website, "Time on the sundial is read by looking at where the gnomon shadow is cast. This shadow will be the middle, thicker shadow of the three shadow-lines ... Although hours are not marked off on this sundial, you can estimate the time of day by thinking of the gnomon shadow hoop as the clock face and the shadow as the hour hand of that clock." Well, not exactly. The hours are at 15-deg intervals with 12 noon at the bottom of the equatorial band at the intersection of the meridian band. This armillary is more of a sculpture than a timepiece. Yet the armillary has the traditional tropic of Capricorn and Cancer bands as well as Arctic, Antarctic,and horizontal bands.
 
 
Williamsburg Virginia USA Horizontal Dial 115
A 14 inch square brass horizontal dial with hour lines and Roman numerals, compass rose and inscriptions honoring John Barrow. A fluted square pillar supports the dial.
 
 
Williamsburg Virginia USA Horizontal Dial 116
A unique bronze 12-3/8 inch octagonal horizontal dial with one main hour ring for local time and six subsidiary rings that give the time in London, Vienna, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Barbados and Mexico City. The main hour ring shows hours in Roman numerals and ten minute intervals in Arabic numbers; each hour is divided into sixty minute intervals and "fleur-de-lis" decorations are placed at the thirty-minute marks. The subsidiary rings are inscribed with Roman numerals for daylight hours and Arabic numbers for night hours. The presence of subsidiary rings suggests the dial was made with an instructive or "world-view" intent.
 
 
Williamstown Massachusetts USA Armillary Dial 50
48 inch diameter. A smaller copy of the San Diego Zoo armillary (#79), identical to the one at Univ of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
 
 
Williston Vermont USA Horizontal Dial 267
African granite, Cor-Ten steel, concrete A sundial with a hook-shaped arm in the center next to a granite block. Surrounding these two pieces are three flat concrete slabs with numbers carved in them.
 
 
Williston Vermont USA Horizontal Dial 73
Pyramidal shape. Markers trace the paths of the shadows cast by the top of the pyramid on solstice and equinox days. Originally at the Brattleboro Museum, it was moved to its present location in 1993.
 
 
Wills Point Texas USA Horizontal Dial 884
This starburst sundial is 6-3/4 inches in diameter, made of 1/8 inch aluminum plate. The dial is actually set in a 12-point compass rose, showing the azimuth every 30 degrees. Time marks are every 15 minutes with hours in Arabic numerals. All marking, latitude, longitude, and inscription are engraved into the dial plate.
 
 
Wilmington Delaware USA Vertical Dial 320
A round limestone vertical dial about 3 feet in diameter with bronze gnomon. Hours are bronze Roman numerals. No hour lines drawn. The dial is set on the side of a beautiful stone tower. According to a plaque at the tower's base, in 1895 Theodore Leissen recommended a large pavilion and observatory be built on the city's highest hill. At the same time the Water Commission needed a water tower. The plans were merged, resulting in a combine stone water tower 115 feet tall holding half a million gallons and a roofed observatory platform. The dial is on the side of this Rockford Tower.
 
 
Wilmington North Carolina USA Equatorial Dial 852
This is a bronze hemispherical equatorial sundial approximately 30 inches in diameter. The wide equatorial band is delineated every quarter hour and has cast Arabic numerals as hour markers from 6am to 6pm. The meridian band is inscribed with markers for the solstices and cross-quarter days.
 
 
Wilmington Delaware USA Vertical Dial 609
An 18 x 24 inch cast bronze vertical dial offset from supporting wall by 6.25° to align south. Dial face has hour lines with Arabic numerals and depicts a leaf motif with sun and sun rays and two birds.
 
 
Wilmot Ohio USA Horizontal Dial 444
The Wilderness Center Sundial is large horizontal dial with a 6-foot steel gnomon approximately 27 inches thick. The base is done in slate with copper numbers.
 
 
Windsor Ontario Canada Noon Mark Dial 779
A 12 foot high noon mark dial consisting of two closely spaced triangular vertical plates, a protruding needle and pairs of summer and winter solstice "wings" that together project a shadow onto the surrounding concrete deck within a 40 foot diameter reflecting pool. When the sun totally illuminates the narrow space between the vertical plates, it is local noon and the shadow cast by the protruding needle points true north. On the summer solstice, the shadow cast by the smaller, upper solstice wings will be at its narrowest width. On the winter solstice, the shadow cast by the lower solstice wings will be at its narrowest width.
 
 
Windsor Ontario Canada Armillary Dial 780
A simple armillary dial about two feet in diameter with an equatorial hour ring. The dial is mounted atop a tall, black cylindrical pillar within a formal garden of Willistead Manor. The manor is open to the public on selected days.
 
 
Windsor Ontario Canada Vertical Dial 874
A vertical stone sundial made of white quartzite approximately in a 6 x 4 feet rectangle. The dial face includes engraved hour lines from 7am to 6pm in Arabic hour numerals for Eastern Daylight Time and an elegant engraved outline of St. Dimitrije based on a partially preserved 14th century fresco of the Saint in St.Mary's Church, Donja Kamenica, Serbia. Rather than summer and winter solstice lines, a single hyperbola indicates the route of the gnomon shadow's tip on 8 November - the day of St.Demetrius (St. Dimitrije). In fact, the gnomon is represented at St. Demetrius' sword (or more appropriately, his spear). A small bell is engraved at 10am indicating the time of morning liturgy. At about 11:15 if you look closely, you can see the subnode point (polos montaza) of the gnomon tip used for alignment during construction.
 
 
Windsor Ontario Canada Vertical Dial 639
Two vertical bronze-on-masonry dials on adjacent faces upper faces of a square, 25 foot high tower. Dial faces are aligned approximately SE and SW. A bronze armillary sphere is placed atop the tower. The tower and sundials were designed and built by the Windsor Polish community and dedicated in the Windsor centennial year in memory of M. Kopernik (Copernicus).